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美国队长1迅雷 相关解答

更新时间: 2024-05-19 15:49:20
Q问:绝命毒师第四季下载
提问时间: 2024-04-05
A答:美国队长1迅雷
解答时间: 2024-05-05



剧情介绍:  大型高清电视纪录片  《千年菩提路》  项目简介  项目名称:《千年菩提路》  出 品 方:北京嘉源海文化传媒有限公司 中央新闻纪录电影制片厂  项目类型:大型高清电视纪录片  集数设置:  发行版 42集 每集30分钟  播出版 未定  项目定位:  佛教自2000年前的东汉时期传入中国后,于弥补儒学在人的终极关怀方面的欠缺之余,又与中国本土文化从不断碰撞融合,而至于生根发芽,最终成为支撑整个华夏民族的三大文化基石之一。  大型高清电视纪录片《千年菩提路》将深入中国大地乃至周边邻国的名山古刹,探寻历代高僧苦修弘法的悲行大愿,以历史和人文为审美取向, 避免教理教义的讲解及探究,以期梳理出一条中国佛教传承、发展2000年的历史脉络,还中国佛教原本清晰的形象。  创作缘由:  永平8年,公元65年,古印度僧人摄摩腾、竺法兰徒步穿越帕米尔高原,以白马驮带经书和佛的画像,来到东汉辉煌的首都洛阳。自此,一个名叫“佛陀”的印度圣者那智慧的声音便在广袤的中国大地上回响了2000年。从悠远到真切,由隐约而振聋发聩。  今天,我们看到汉语、藏语、巴利语等三个语系佛教在中国大地上并存,我们看到谈佛学佛的人越来越多,我们看到佛教名山的香火日炽一日。但是另一方面,由于历史的原因,这一派兴盛的背后,人们对佛教的误解其实是越来越多,距离佛陀的智慧也越来越远了。  那么佛教为何选择了中国?儒释道曾经有过怎样的碰撞与融合?历代大德高僧谱写了多少传奇华章?佛教又为每个华夏子民构筑了怎样一个精神的家园?  已故前中国佛协主席赵朴初居士曾经这样写道:“人类文化发展是一个连续不断的过程,传统文化和现代文化不可能完全割断。我们要汲取传统文化中一切有价值的精华来充实发展社会主义的民族新文化。中国传统文化也包括佛教文化在内。”  正是基于这样的认识,基于全面梳理中国佛教历史的宏大愿心,基于建设和谐社会的现实需要,历经五年精心筹备,我们终于获准走进中国大地的每一个佛门重地,用我们的镜头记录下那一尊尊庄严的佛像,那一处处修行的胜境,那一摞摞传播久远的经书,那一个个存留在历史中的高僧大德。  这是一个难得的机缘。  这是一次规模空前的制作。  有中共中央统战部、中国国家文化部、国家民委、国家宗教事务局、国家旅游局、国家文物局等国家六大部委鼎力支持,有楼宇烈、温金玉、李应来、陈红星等一批中国佛教界专家和学者,为节目的内容严格把关,我们有充分的理由相信,《千年菩提路 》必能于尽展中国佛教魅力之余,引领我们每一个人,对中国佛教的历史及现状进行一次全方位的探寻和解读。  制作阵容:  《千年菩提路》将采用目前最先进的HD高清电视技术,按照国际标准进行拍摄和制作。其创作团队云集了当下中国纪录片创作的精英。在《故宫》原班创作队伍的基础上,摄制组还在音乐创作、三维制作以及再现拍摄等环节上邀请国内外的顶尖专业人士和制作团队加盟。他们的到来无疑将为该片的制作水准提供强劲的保障。  主要内容:  《千年菩提路》将以寺庙的兴衰、人物的命运、不同佛教宗派的法脉传承为线索,勾勒中国佛教2000年来传播和发展的历史轨迹。其主要内容涉及32个在中国佛教史上具有代表性的寺庙以及与之相关的大德高僧。  附  分集梗概:  白马驮经(上、下集)  新的千年已经来临。  当时间带着战争的硝烟,以及无数帝王将相、名流高士渐渐远去以后,在中国洛阳,在古老的邙山脚下,一个来自朝圣者的顽强足音,已经在洛河北岸绵延流淌了2000年。  集中了中国有佛教以来许许多多个“第一”的白马寺,传说其名字源于“永平求法”,源于“白马驮经”的故事。  今天,我们蓦然回首,却发现当年求来的竟是一种更加开阔的思维,而白马驮来的是我们祖先所未曾关注过的整整一个人类彼岸的世界,是中华民族所赖以繁衍传续的其中一块文化的基石。  白马寺的故事告诉我们,中国佛教绝不仅仅是佛像、佛经、僧尼和寺庙,佛教其实就在每一个中国人的一言一笑中,佛教就在你和我同样流淌的血液里。  净土信仰(上、下集)  自魏晋以降,净土信仰以其简单易持的修行法门赢得了广泛的影响,以至于今天已经成为信众最多的一个佛教宗派。  翻开2000年的中国佛教发展史,我们可以看到,在早期印度佛教与中国本土文化的初步融合,在佛教由高墙大院的皇宫秘术逐步演变成为中国普罗大众的精神资粮,在佛教不断走向中国本土化的每个进程中,净土信仰无不起过至关重要的作用。  现在,仅凭口宣“南无阿弥陀佛”以及手持念珠这两个由净土宗流传下来符号,每一个中国人都能迅速勾画出一个中国佛教僧侣的标准画像。  而这一切,居功至伟的不能不首推庐山东林寺的释慧远。他以及他以后的历代净土祖师们的身体力行对中国历史的影响广泛且深远。  东行记(上、下集)  他是一个外国人,却一路东行来到中国,不惧危难,以弘扬佛法为己任;  他的一生充满传奇,曾于出家后被迫娶妻生子,曾被指责不守法度;  他被皇帝视为国之重宝,从而直接导致了一场抢夺他的战争;  他在当时世界的中心——长安主持着规模空前的佛经译场;  他对弟子立下誓言,自己主持翻译的佛经300余卷,如果没有谬误,那么他的身体焚化后,舌头将不会焦烂。  他,就是所译汉语佛经至今流传最广的一代佛学大师——鸠摩罗什。  师戒  自从有了僧团,随后就有了戒律。那么什么是戒律呢?  弘一法师说:  “……有一天佛看到地下不甚清洁,佛随手就拿扫帚来扫地,于是许多的大弟子,看到佛既亲身扫地,也就过来帮扫,一时就扫得十分清洁。扫了之后,佛即到讲堂里去说法,说:若人扫地,能得五种功德……”  惟贤法师说:  “……僧团生活本来没有戒律,比如过午不食吧,有一次一个僧人夜晚去乞食,正好下大雨,雷电中一位孕妇看到了,吓倒在地,于是妇人向佛抱怨。以后,佛就规定过午不食了。……戒律被制定出来很多年都没有人犯规,是在多年以后才有人犯戒。……”  在福鼎的平兴寺,我们看到:  守戒的僧人,虽然头上没有烫戒疤,但面容、神态异常美好;于是他的心照见你的心也美好起来,见彩云、见飞天、见自性。  东土释迦(上、下集)  晨钟幕鼓,时光流转,古寺在这一份挥洒不去的悠远与沧桑中,伴隋梅花开花谢1400余年。  “国清讲寺”, 一个“讲”字恰好道出了国清寺在中国佛教历史中的渊源和地位。  这是一代帝师的修行道场。  这是中国佛教第一个宗派的祖庭。  这里至今仍然传承着智者大师所创立的天台一脉的博大圆融的佛家精神。  帝国高僧(上、下集)  我们驱车奔向这座古城,去寻找唐朝,寻找长安,寻找玄奘。  历史的痕迹已经模糊不堪了。好在我们身上流着和他同样的血,使我们能够透过现代物质文明的滚滚洪流,依稀窥见他踽踽独行的身影。  玄奘,中国佛教思想的集大成者,中国佛教文化最高潮的推动者,中国最具世界影响力的知识分子。  少林寺(上、下集)  一座闻名天下的古刹。  “天下功夫出少林”。  世界上迷恋中国武术的人们将这里奉为圣地,喧嚣之上,人们似乎忘记了,这里还是达摩“面壁九年图破壁”的地方,这里是中国禅宗的祖庭。  禅宗之静,武术之动,如何合而为一?那些名扬四海的少林僧兵,难道不受杀戒的约束吗?少林功夫,是传自达摩祖师吗?  穿越现实与历史的迷雾,我们寻找达摩,寻找真正的少林……  六祖慧能(上、下集)  这是一位佛教宗师的一生传奇。  他出生在流放犯人的边荒之地;  他幼年丧父,在贫穷困顿中长大;  他曾经是一个以砍柴为生的樵夫  他没有上过学,是一个文盲;  他一闻而悟,千里求法  他为法忘躯,历尽艰辛  他领禅宗衣钵,开顿悟法门,成为中国佛教承前启后的一代宗师。  他建立了中国化、生活化、平民化的禅宗体系,使当时佛学思想界如风行草偃,气象一新,影响所及,整个文化领域无不因其溶铸而生机勃发。  本片通过对禅宗六祖慧能一生的故事介绍,让人们了解在中国佛教历史中,禅宗是如何中国化、社会化、平民化、生活化的发展历程。  守望华首(上、下集)  从迦叶尊者到虚云大师;从蜀汉有寺到今天汉传、藏传、南传三系佛教在此集结。华首门,这个矗立在鸡足山的佛教圣地,始终默默守望着这片苍山洱海间不息往还的挑夫、马帮以及帝王将相,任时光奔流。  瞬息即起的云雾呼吸便散;山间隐居的行者隔崖相望;般舟道传出佛号悠远清凉。 
 佛祖捻花、迦叶微笑;这片山峦,这片道场,历经千年,温和而坚决。  终南山  没有人能数清楚终南山里曾经有多少寺院,或者有多少隐士的茅蓬。从华夏文明在中原兴起,长安城正南的终南山里就开始有修行者的踪迹。  今天,终南山的春夏和秋冬跟数千年前或许已经有很多不同,但是每一个前来探访隐士又失望而归的人都会突然间意识到,正是这条地处中国西北的古老山脉,一直代表了中国汉文化的内省方向,成为中国文化一个深刻反思的场所。  清凉五台山(上、下集)  作为文殊菩萨的道场,被称为“清凉胜境”的五台山位居中国佛教四大名山之首。自东晋十六国时起,各宗高僧来台活动 ,都把五台山作为弘法传宗的基地,在这个舞台上演绎着中国佛教史上的风雨兴衰。一千七百余年间,五台山佛教呈现出显密诸宗并弘,汉藏佛教共存的独特风采。同时,五台山亦因文殊菩萨道场的缘由,成为汉、藏、满、蒙、土各民族尊奉、海内外知名的佛教圣地。  本片将采用五个导演分别拍摄五个短片的手法,来展示这个人文积蕴深厚的佛教文化重地。  光明峨眉山(上、下集)  走进大大小小的依山而建的寺院,让人倍感庄严的不仅仅是它川南风格的寺院建筑,它精美的塑像,在这些出家人清澈的目光里,我们看见了光明。  的确,峨眉山还有另外一个名字——光明山。它是与佛陀的智慧紧紧联系在一起的。没有光,大千世界只能沉于漫漫黑夜之中,没有光,我们黑色的眼睛只能看见黑色,没有光,我们的心灵就无法得到智慧的滋润。  峨眉山作为普贤菩萨的应身道场已有两千年的历史。如果说佛教是行为的,实践的,最集中地彰显这种实践精神的就是普贤菩萨,他的十大行愿是佛门修行的重要法门。  在普贤的行愿中,我们又能感受到什么?让我们走进峨眉山,去了解它的历史,它的传奇。  普陀洛伽(上、下集)  佛因山而兴盛,山因佛而扬名。正是佛教传入后,重新赋予了深厚的宗教文化,才使这个传说中的仙岛成为名闻遐迩的天下名山。  什么是大慈大悲?什么是观世音?  如果你能暂时抛却浮躁,远离都市的喧嚣,来到这一片海天佛国,听梵音讽诵、看海天一色,或许会有机缘重新认识你的人生。  九华金地藏(上、下集)  安徽九华山,中国佛教四大名山之一。  唐代开元年间,九华山被辟为地藏菩萨道场。而大愿地藏菩萨与大悲观世音菩萨、大智文殊菩萨、大行普贤菩萨不同的,是他由一个实实在在的人,古代一位外邦王子——新罗僧金乔觉证得无上菩提后劝化、度脱世人,后被尊为金地藏,是一个真实的比丘形象。  金乔觉于九华山潜心修行75年,99岁圆寂。圆寂以后三年“颜状鲜活如生,升动骨节,其声若撼金锁”,建塔之后,“塔址发光如火,光成圆状”。现在流传于世的地藏菩萨形象是光头、手持宝珠及锡杖,为阎罗王之化身。
 如今,我们在九华山方圆百里的村镇中依然随处可见人们故老相传的礼佛习俗,如每逢节日拜山、途中不能回头、不能交谈,过年家家吃素等等。  而号称“百戏之首”的古老戏曲“目连救母”更保留着许多古老的质朴和神秘。  莲师的足迹(上、下集)  雅鲁藏布江中部流域这片肥沃的土地,古称“卫藏”。相传由莲花生大师亲手建造的西藏历史上的第一座佛教寺院——桑耶寺今天仍然矗立在这里。  桑耶寺,藏文意为"无边寺"、"超出意想寺"、"不可想象寺"。  桑耶寺,由于其三层主殿分别呈现出藏、汉、印度三地的建筑风格,故又名“三样寺”。  这里,诞生了西藏第一代佛教僧人;  这里,是西藏第一座"佛、法、僧"齐全的佛教寺院;  这里,是西藏历史上第一座佛教译经院;  这里,还有神秘的青扑山、伏藏、西藏度亡书……  这里是藏族佛教文化的开始之地,当代藏族文化的本原之一。  大昭、小昭寺(上、下集)  在全世界的佛教信徒心中,大昭寺,是独一无二、不可替代的圣地。因为这里供奉着佛祖释迦牟尼的十二岁等身像。它见证了汉藏之间长久以来所形成的亲情血缘关系,见证了宗喀巴大师辉煌的成就,见证了第一世达赖喇嘛及第一世班禅的诞生。  而供奉着佛祖八岁等身像的小昭寺,随着时代的变迁,如今已成为藏地僧侣们修习藏传佛教密宗密法的最高学府。  本片通过对大小昭寺建筑历史和人物故事的介绍,探寻藏传大乘佛教生命力的源头,发现汉藏同胞一致的精神信仰追求之所在。  布达拉宫  它屹立于雪域高原的红山之巅。  它曾是吐蕃王朝的皇宫,而后又成为历代达赖喇嘛的冬宫。  它有着辉煌的建筑艺术成就,浓缩着藏民族文明发展的历史,被视为西藏文化的集大成者。  布达拉宫,今天虽然隐去了权力的光环,却依然在世人面前彰显着它独特的魅力。  拉卜楞寺(上、下集)  距今三百年前,一位在西藏修行多年的僧人回到了甘南的故土。他期望在家乡修建一座寺院,一座“成佛永世栋梁的寺院”。显然,这座被称作“拉卜楞”的新建寺院在很多方面不占优势。它没有布达拉宫大昭寺那样深厚的历史,也没有塔尔寺那样特殊的背景,更没有甘丹寺那样显赫的地位,何况它远离藏传佛教的中心——拉萨。它随时都有可能被时光湮没在历史的长河,就像曾经的一座座寺院。  然而三百年过去了,从一砖一瓦,一草一木,一座经堂开始,如今,它拥有六大学院,几千名僧人,十一世班禅经师嘉样嘉措,七世贡唐经师华尔丹嘉措等众多高僧…它是如何走到了今天?在岁月的冲刷中依然挺立?这一切的背后又该有着怎样的动荡与沧桑?  雍和宫  过去,它为了传播藏传佛教用来保全“大清基业万年盘石之安”。  现在,人们在这里许下愿望,播种希望,祈求吉祥。  它是北京三千寺庙中最与众不同的一个,从雍亲王府到雍和宫,它是一代圣王的诞生地,又是藏传佛教转世灵童的掣签地。它曾联系着政治和宗教,同时又是蒙、藏、汉民族融合的一座桥梁。  作为曾经的皇家寺庙,雍和宫25米高的未来佛预示着56亿7千万年以后的故事——众生说法。  南传佛教  聚居在云南省西南部西双版纳地区的傣族,全族信奉上座部佛教。每座村寨至少都有一座佛寺。每个少年男子都必须出家一次,在寺中学习文化。传承千余年的傣族上座部佛教,融合了地域和民族的文化风俗,超出了纯宗教的意义,所有的民众对自己的信仰,都怀着一种亲切的感情。  法门寺(上、下集)  1981年8月24日,一道闪电,击倒了陕西扶风县法门寺的宝塔,也开启了一个埋藏千年的秘密。  在倒塌的古塔下面,人们发现了一座隐秘的地下宫殿。在2000多件唐代稀世珍宝的簇拥下,世界独一无二的,佛祖释迦牟尼的指骨舍利,面世了。  一同出土的,还有一块石碑,记录的是一段惊心动魄的历史,出自1000多年前一位唐代高僧之手。  这些沉睡了1113年的文字,透露了大唐帝国盛极而衰的秘密,从中,我们更读到了人们在追寻真谛的道路上,曾经有过的热诚与迷失……  洗石庵(上、下集)  世上有史记载的第一位比丘尼的灵骨舍利,背后是一段上海滩大家闺秀的传奇人生。  洗石庵,在这个雅致而不同寻常的尼庵,云门宗第十三代传人宽能法师将劳作、茶艺以及修行融为一体,四十年践行生活禅,使洗石庵铅华洗尽,成为两广佛法的一处圣地。  灵隐寺(上、下集)  楼观沧海日,门对浙江潮。  这两句诗无疑是灵隐寺在江南文化史中地位和形象的真实写照。  慧理、永明延寿、骆宾王、济公。。。。。。儒释相融,禅净合一。  久远的传灯历史,丰厚的宗教及人文积蕴,使这个飞来峰下的“仙灵所隐”之地至今仍然于幽静之中透露出勃勃生机。  法海真源:  一段中国历史的传奇,从起始到终结,背后往往映衬着一个政权的由盛及衰。  一座源于表彰忠烈的寺庙,屡毁屡建,先后更换了好几个名字。每个名字既代表着一种迥异的性格,更浓缩了整整一个朝代的悲欢命运。  法源寺,在1000多年的世事变幻中,早已不是最初的模样,但这里所弘扬的“法海真源”的佛教精神,却一直传承了下来,至今生生不息。  ......
Q问:千与千寻电影下载
提问时间: 2024-04-17
A答:美国队长1迅雷
解答时间: 2024-04-26



剧情介绍:  Agusta 109K2: Alpine Medivac Rescue  Straight Up's exploration of vertical flight begins with a high-impact alpine rescue amid an avalanche. The dramatic opening sequence documents the dangerous work of the Rega mountain rescue team and the invaluable role of the Agusta A109K2 helicopter in saving lives and minimizing injuries.  As the camera pans over beautiful vistas of the snow-covered Swiss Alps, it cuts to a cornice, as a chunk of snow breaks free, triggering an avalanche. The tranquil scene is shattered as the avalanche thunders down the mountain slopes. With terrifying speed, it heads straight for a mother and child trapped in their car, wheels spinning on the icy road.  The mother calls for help on her cell phone, and a second call from a snowplow prompts radio dispatch. The Rega mountain rescue team already is airborne en route to the scene, the red cross painted on the helicopter's white underbelly signaling that medical help is on the way. The mother escapes, but her son is missing. Within minutes of the helicopter landing, the rescue team dig out the car, extract the trapped boy, apply first aid, and airlift him and his mother to safety.  A significant mountain hazard, avalanches are responsible for many deaths each year. Time is of the essence in avalanche rescue work. A person has a 90 percent chance of survival if found within the first 15 minutes, but one's chances of survival diminish with each passing minute. Not only do helicopters provide quick access for rescue teams, they also provide a lifeline to medical care. Flying the injured to the nearest hospital as rapidly as possible is not the only type of rescue operation; often helicopters bring the hospital to the injured, who receive treatment at the scene.  The powerful avalanche was shot in British Columbia's Selkirk Mountains under the supervision of the Canadian Avalanche Association. The CAA controls avalanche risk for the safety of heli-skiers. To capture the avalanche head-on, avalanche expert and filmmaker Steve Krochel and David Douglas developed a quarter-inch-thick steel container for the IMAX camera, which was equipped with a triggering device and a beeper so that the camera could be found once the avalanche had swept it down the mountain.  The rescue was completed in Switzerland's Bernina Pass near the Italian border. Filming the Rega rescue helicopter air-to-air sequence turned into an international excursion as Douglas chased the sunlight over Italy in one direction and in Austria in another before setting down in Switzerland. In another dramatic shot, Douglas centered the red cross in the crosshairs of the camera lens as the craft descended. To facilitate this shot, Douglas dug a hole in the snow large enough to accommodate himself and the IMAX camera. Inside the hole, 3 feet below the helicopter, he filmed its takeoff.  According to Douglas, "The helicopter is the instrument of rapid response to natural physical and social disasters around the world, alleviating human suffering on a major scale. For the individual caught beyond the limits of training or equipment, often the last chance for survival is the hope that a helicopter will get to them in time. "  The Pitcairn PCA 2, "Miss Champion"  For centuries humans dreamed of flight. The Chinese, in the 12th century, developed a toy helicopter made from a pair of slats mounted on a stick, but serious efforts had to wait until the early 20th century. Then, after the Wright brothers' historic flight at Kitty Hawk, we dreamed of flight unfettered by the limitations of runways and airports. Yet by the early 1930s we were still at the dawn of the practical rotorcraft, which promised to give form to humanity's vision.  The ten year period between 1925 and 1935 was an exciting time in aviation history, but few aircraft so caught and held the public's attention, as the Autogiro. Nicknamed the "flying windmill," this strange-looking aircraft was first successfully flown in 1923 by the Spanish inventor, Juan de la Cierva, who had been working on the development of such a craft since 1919. The Autogiro fascinated the air-minded public because of its remarkable performance and high degree of safety, attracting such leaders of American aviation as Charles Lindbergh and Amelia Earhart.  Juan de la Cierva sold the American manufacturing rights to Harold Pitcairn in 1928. Pitcairn's Autogiro boasted a more modern fuselage with better aerodynamic qualities. It also provided prospective buyers with a choice of either a 300- or 420-horsepower engine.  In the film, Harold Pitcairn's son Stephen flies "Miss Champion," a 1931 model. This Autogiro, used for promotion by the Champion Spark Plug Company, is controlled like an airplane, but is lifted with blades. Although the original rotor blades have seen 1,600 hours of flight time, they are still airworthy. With a 330-horsepower Wright R 975-E engine, the Autogiro has a cruising speed of 98 mph and a top speed of 118 mph. "Miss Champion" led a National Air Tour and made the then-risky 300- mile-long flight from Miami to Havana, Cuba. (Until then, the longest over-water flight by an Autogiro had been 25 miles in length.) Later, "Miss Champion" flew nonstop over a distance of 500 miles to Chichen Itza in the Yucatan rainforest. "Miss Champion" was retired from active service in 1932 after setting a new altitude record for rotary-wing aircraft. Climbing to a height of 21,500 feet in 1932, the Autogiro surpassed the previous record set by Amelia Earhart. Today, the Autogiro is considered to be the evolutionary "missing link" from which the practical helicopter was born.  Forty years later Stephen Pitcairn began the formidable task of collecting and restoring examples of his father's aircraft. He tracked down "Miss Champion" and in October of 1982 began the painstaking task of restoration, using the original Pitcairn factory drawings. In the spring of 1985 "Miss Champion" flew again.  The Bell 47G: A Flying Lesson  Since Pitcairn's Autogiro, improved control systems allow the airframe to rise directly from the ground with a powered rotor. Straight Up! puts you in the pilot's seat of a Bell 47G as the basic elements of helicopter operation are demonstrated. The Bell 47G's single-rotor configuration is by far the most common type used today. Your flying lesson begins.  As a helicopter pilot, the pilot uses all four limbs to fly, all at the same time! With the left hand holding the collective pitch control lever, he pulls up ever so slightly, and we go straight up into a slow-motion hover. The spinning rotor blades act as small wings, but they spin so fast that they create one continuous disc of lift. When the blades change angle, or pitch collectively, the helicopter rises or falls. The pilot's right hand always holds the cyclic control, effectively tilting the whirling disc above. Point left, tilt left. Point right, tilt right. The camera then closes in on the tail rotor. Once again, the altering of the blades affects direction. The chopper spins in response to the pilot's depressing one of the two foot pedals. If he depresses the second pedal, the helicopter spins in the opposite direction.  The Piasecki H-21B Tandem Rotor Aircraft, "The Flying Banana"  The last flying H-21B helicopter in the world takes off, heads for the beach and cruises 100 feet above the Pacific surf off the coast of California. One of the earliest tandem helicopters, the H-21B represents the birth of the heavy lift helicopters and dates back to the early 1950s. Nicknamed "The Flying Banana" for its shape, the H-21B had more power and greater stability than previous helicopters. The tandem-rotor H-21B carries two sets of wooden blades situated nearly 50 feet apart but operated by one set of helicopter flight controls. The pilot must be ever vigilant, as this helicopter could rapidly invert should the pilot let go of the controls.  The vintage H-21B used for the film was decommissioned from the U.S. Air Force in 1972 and was restored by the California-based Classic Rotors: The Rare and Vintage Rotocraft Museum. This nonprofit museum and restoration facility, dedicated to the preservation of unique, vintage and rare rotorcraft, spent more than 10,000 hours returning the H-21B to airworthiness. Every hour flown requires 100 hours of maintenance. Classic Rotors is the only museum of its kind to maintain eight helicopters in flying condition. When its new facility in San Diego has been completed, the museum will expand its exhibits from 15 to 30 vintage rotorcraft.  One of the highlights of its collection is a famous relative of the H-21B. This is a V 44 (the commercial version of the H-21)-nicknamed "The Holy One"-and is the only one to land at the Vatican and be blessed by the pope. While on a 1959 demonstration tour in Europe, the helicopter and its crew had provided help to Italian communities following a devastating earthquake.  Future Helicopter Designs  One aspect of current research centers around the development of "quiet technology" that will allow helicopters to become better neighbors and to operate more stealthily in police and military operations.  Quiet technology advances rely on a combination of technologies, which include improved rotor blade design and the user of rotor systems with four or more blades. Replacing the tail rotor with a Coanda-effect NOTAR (NoTailRotor) system goes a long way in reducing noise, as does shrouding the tail rotor in an arrangement know as a "fan-in-fin." Other advances focus on noise-dampening air inlets and improved engine nozzles.  New helicopter designs are tested in the world's largest wind tunnel at the NASA Ames Flight Research Center located at Moffett Field in California. Ames was founded in 1939 as an aircraft research laboratory of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, which became part of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in 1958. NASA has the leading role in aerospace operations systems, which include air traffic control, flight effects on humans, and rotorcraft technology. NASA Ames scientists and engineers study robotic helicopters, high-speed hybrids, and advances in quiet technology. The center also has major responsibilities for the creation of design and development tools and for wind tunnel testing.  The NASA-Bell XV-15 Tilt-rotor  In the film, an XV-15 converts over Dallas-Fort Worth Airport. The XV-15 is an experimental rotorcraft, the parent of a new family of aircraft called "tilt-rotors." The tilt-rotor combines the hovering ability of the helicopter with the speed of a fixed-wing aircraft. The XV-15 can take off and land like a helicopter. The audience will see the engines tilting forward as the tilt-rotor becomes a high-speed plane.  The Bell-Boeing V-22 Osprey  A V-22 Osprey unwraps, emerging like a prehistoric flying dinosaur. Built primarily for the U.S. Marines, Air Force, and Navy, the V-22 Osprey has wings that pivot and rotors that fold to facilitate its storage at sea. In less than 90 seconds, you will see the V-22 complete this process. Although still classified as a tilt-rotor, it is faster, with three times the range and more than ten times the payload of its predecessor. It shows the promise of long-distance travel, without airports.  The Hawk 4 Gyroplane  Rotorcraft evolution is also in the hands of the entrepreneur, and this independent spirit is most evident in the Hawk 4 Gyroplane. While some designs produce groundbreaking changes, this aircraft brought the economy and safety of the Autogiro into the space age. A rotor is used for slow-speed flight, but at high-speed cruising all the lift is provided by the wing while the rotor has no lift. The Gyroplane shows promise as a high-speed, low-disc-loading rotorcraft.  The Boeing-Sikorsky RAH-66 Comanche  The Comanche rips and dips across the screen, set against a sunset. This prototype helicopter has stealth technology. It's smart, agile, fast and invisible to radar. It's the first helicopter to provide real-time digital data to headquarters. Seeing in the dark, sensing the forces at play around us and acting on the evidence in real time, the Comanche is a complex flying machine with a human being at its heart. Everyday, in unexpected ways, it extends our powers and puts us to work with a revolutionary tool.  The Comanche is the central element of the U.S. Army's future Objective Force. In addition to its complement of missiles and 20-mm cannon, the aircraft carries state-of-the-art sensors and avionics to provide battlefield commanders with so much accurate information about enemy movements. This knowledge will translate into more precise targeting, increasing the effectiveness of friendly forces beyond current capabilities.  The U.S. Army has defined a requirement of more than 1,200 Comanches for the Objective Force. The RAH Comanche, the army's 21st-century combat helicopter is being developed by the U.S. Army and a team of leading aerospace companies headed by the Boeing Company and Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation, a unit of United Technologies Corporation.  The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk and AS 350 B2 AStar Enforce the Law  Events swiftly unfold as the radar plane spots an "unidentified" Cessna dropping bundles of drugs off the coast of Miami at dawn. A signal alerts the Marine and Air Branch of U.S. Customs who speed out to intercept the smugglers. Just as the drugs are transferred from boat to van, The AStar helicopter bursts over the treetops, deploying a tactical team to arrest the driver. While the smuggler's Cigarette boat attempts to escape, a Black Hawk helicopter dips down to create a giant backwash. In a stunning display of impeccable teamwork, this action forces the fleeing boat to swerve to a halt as a Customs boat cuts it off and apprehends the criminals.  On a typical day, the U.S. Customs Service examines 1.3 million passengers, 2,642 aircraft, 50,889 trucks/containers, 355,004 other vehicles, 588 vessels, 64,923 entries and undertakes the following enforcement actions: 64 arrests, 107 narcotic seizures, 223 other seizures, 9 currency seizures. These amount to 5,059 pounds of narcotics, 3,907 in currency, 8,803 in conveyances, 5,791 in merchandise and more than ,800 in arms and ammunition.  Filmed over a period of five days off the coast of Miami, the air, land, and sea drug bust was staged by the U.S. Customs Service, which relies heavily on helicopters during such operations.  U.S. Customs pilot, Tom Stanton, participated in the shoot with his co-pilot Kimberly Kessel. Kessel is one of seven women U.S. Customs pilots and only one of two qualified to fly Black Hawks. Both pilots volunteered to work with the film crew. Says Kessel, a graduate of Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, "They were phenomenal, ready to try anything."  In addition to daytime flights, Stanton flies the riskier night missions. "Flying at night is dangerous as you lose all perception of what's up or down because both the sky and ocean are black, so they just kind of run in together. There's no horizon on those dark nights," says the veteran pilot.  Typically he flies from 300 to 500 feet above the water at 120 to 150 knots. "Not many people fly that low, even in the daytime," says Stanton. "There's no autopilot, so it's hands on. Plus you're chasing someone. You have to be aware. It can get tense out there."  Stanton describes an air chase: "Once there's a target, we launch a jet with radar. The jet pilot calls the helicopter out and we link up, flying in formation. We follow the bad guy wherever he goes. If he has extended-range fuel tanks, we leapfrog and send another helicopter out to take up the chase. (The Black Hawk carries five hours of fuel.) When he gets into his landing configuration, we call the local police or sheriff to help us out." The Black Hawk, which can carry up to 14 people, typically carries 4 or 5 armed personnel, "so we instantly have a force of police officers there to get the bad guys."  "If it's a boat, we have Cigarette boats like the smugglers. We'll call our boat and have it intercept." Stanton flies the Black Hawk next to the boat, making it hard for the smugglers to navigate. "It intimidates them into giving up. Sometimes they do [but] sometimes we chase them for hours. Or we'll follow them into a marina and block them until our boats come. If they hit the beach, we'll call the state police or sheriff, and they set up a perimeter so the guy can't get out."  Stanton, who flies missions as often as once or twice a week, has been flying for 26 years, 13 of those as an army helicopter pilot before he joined U.S. Customs in Miami where he is the "standardization instructor pilot." He makes sure that everybody flies the same way, so that when they team up, the pilots easily work in tandem. Pilots fly 8-hour shifts and the operation goes on 24 hours a day, 7 days a week in areas covering both the Canadian and Mexican land borders, the Atlantic and Pacific coastlines, and the Gulf of Mexico.  The MD 500E Helicopter  A MD 500 helicopter hovers directly above 500,000-volt power lines. As it inches closer, a lightning bolt suddenly zaps out from the hot line, arcing toward the wand extended by a lineman perched on an aluminum platform that juts out from the helicopter. The "hot-line-qualified" lineman clamps onto the power lines, and helicopter backs off, leaving him to "wire walk," crawling along parallel lines to inspect the PPL power line grid, 100 feet off the ground. To reboard the helicopter, the lineman must "bond off," reversing the procedure.  "I don't give two hoots and a holler about flying inside a helicopter. Put me outside, that's where I want to be," says Daniel "Spider" Lockhart, AgRotors lineman. There's only three things I've been afraid of most of my life: One was electricity, one was heights and the other was women. And, I'm married too," he grins. "The safest lineman is one that is afraid of electricity. When we bond to the power lines energized at half-a-million volts, we have to bring ourselves to the same potential. That is why you see that arc jumping out to our wand as we make both the helicopter and the power line at the same potential, so that we can eliminate the flow of current," explains the veteran lineman.  Spider wears a protective hot suit, 75 percent Nomex for fire retardation and 25 percent stainless steel thread. "The metal thread basically means I have a cage around me that can be energized at very high voltage levels. A half-million volts pass over my body, but I can work without interference from the electricity."  He continues, "Watching that electricity jump out while you're energizing the helicopter is a thrill. Getting on the wire, walking the wire to do repairs is a thrill. The biggest thrill I get is from doing what I do is being able to do both together-the electrical part and the helicopter part of it, the speed at which we can do it and still be safe. There are so many things that the helicopter enables us to do as linemen, which is very rewarding."  The teamwork of the skilled helicopter pilots and highly trained linemen ensure that the PPL Corp. provides a constant source of electricity to its 1.3 million customers in Pennsylvania (in addition to 4.4 million in Latin America and Europe). To maintain the integrity of the transmission system to residential and commercial establishments, and to ensure the safety of the operation, the team plans and rehearses every move while on the ground before takeoff. Even so, unanticipated gusts of wind and glare from the wires can affect the pilot's depth perception, requiring total concentration during his hours at the controls. As the helicopter is isolated from the ground, the pilot and lineman, clad in protective stainless steel suits, must bond onto the transmission lines to bring themselves to the same voltage potential of the line to work safely-paralleling what a bird does when it sits on a wire.  Probably the most unusual place that the director rigged the camera was on the end of the platform on the MD 500, which is designed to carry the lineman as he bonds onto the half-million-volt power line. "We took away the lineman and put the camera in his place; the lineman rode behind the camera and used his wand to draw the arc of electricity right onto the camera lens. I don't think it's been done before. It blew all the electronics out of the camera a couple of times before we figured out how to do it," recalls Douglas.  The Boeing 234 Helicopter: Helilogging with Limited Environmental Damage  Floating above the forest in northern California, a 12-ton Boeing 234 helicopter selects its target with precision. Selective logging is a process where only a portion of the available timber is removed from a logging site. A single tree is lifted straight up from the forest floor, leaving the rest of the area environmentally intact. Removing such timber-very often trees that are already dead or diseased-allows the remaining trees to thrive on the additional resources of sunlight, water, and soil nutrients. Helilogging is environmentally friendly in other ways as well. First, since the logs are lifted from the ground, little soil erosion, typical of conventional logging methods, occurs. Second, in many cases the helicopter is able to use existing roads for landings, meaning no new roads need to be built into the area being logged.  Columbia Helicopters cuts more logs each year than any other helicopter logging company. To prepare the timber for the helicopter, the specially trained logging crew cut it into carefully weighed sections. Columbia's flight crews are among the most experienced at long-line work in the world. With speed and precision, they are able to move heavy loads of logs at the end of lines up to 350-feet long. Once the line is lowered from the Boeing 234 helicopter, steel tongs clamp the log and the entire tree is removed without disturbing the balance of nature. "It's kinda like lookin' down 25 stories and picking up a telephone pole," comments the helicopter pilot, Dave Stroupe, who deposits the timber at a nearby transfer yard. "The unique thing about this helicopter is that, when we take off from the ground, we weigh approximately 22,000 pounds. And we're rigged for about 26,000 pounds when we get low on fuel. So the load actually weighs more than the helicopter. It's exciting and harrowing all at the same time."  The Boeing 234s have a lift capacity of 28,000 lb, (12,727 kg), but most often carry loads between 23,000 lb, (10,454 kg) to 24,000 lb (10,909 kg) due to elevation and air temperature considerations. The company trains loggers to work with helicopters because load weight is such a dramatic part of what they do. Weight is determined, using a formula, which are a function of the volume and the type of wood. Different tree species have different weights per volume.  When one of the pilots suggested using the log as a platform for the camera, Douglas realized another exciting camera angle. The possibility existed that the branches could scrape off the camera as the log was hauled up. Douglas prevented this by placing the camera inside a heavy steel avalanche box, which he anchored on the end of a big log. Once the log was grappled, the helicopter hauled the protected camera right through the branches, giving the audience a breathtaking view from the perspective of the log! The U.S. Marine Corps AV-8B Harrier, AH-1W Cobra, CH-53E Super Stallion and CH-46E Sea Knight on a Military Mission  An AV-8B Harrier jet demonstrates its vertical landing ability followed by a force reconnaissance inservice exercise from an aircraft carrier, as Marines climb aboard the CH-53E. AH-1W Cobras and Harriers form an assault-support package, as the reconnaissance team sets out on a mission to obtain invaluable intelligence about the enemy.  Inside the CH-53E, the machine-gunner is at the ready as a Cobra fires three rockets. The action heats up as the IMAX camera captures the Marines fast-roping through the "hell hole" and sliding down a rope dangling from the CH-53E, landing in enemy territory. The leader of the reconnaissance team says, "By the time you get to touch rope in a live situation, you and your men feel tighter than family. Your fates are tied like the strands of a rope."  Two hours later the Marines have completed their mission and are ready to be evacuated. Now the enemy hunts them on the ground. Trees shake as the rescue CH-53E helicopter hovers overhead, lowering a rope to the squad, now up to their waists in water. One after the other, in a matter of seconds, the men clip themselves onto the rope. "Extraction, even more than insertion, is when you need speed. You've been awful quiet. Suddenly, you're awful loud," says Sgt. James Kenneke, the squad leader. He's first in and last out. Lifted up, like washing on a line, the squad dangles beneath the helicopter as it is escorted by Cobras, out over the Atlantic.  "It's a relief to get out. But there's that moment of doubt. Everything slows down while you're exposed � holding your breath for that happy ending. And when you get it, you feel on top of the world. Of course, then we've got to commute home just like everybody else," smiles Kennecke.  The Mi-26 and Mi-8 Deliver Humanitarian Aid  Sometimes, something very precious must be delivered behind enemy lines-food. Sierra Leone is a nation that has suffered years of conflict. From the food depot to the hot spot, helicopters provide an air bridge. Hoisting food and medical supplies to distressed people behind rebel-held territories, they have the ability to hop over hot zones in desperate situations.  The world's largest production helicopter-the Russian-made Mi-26-is the workhorse for the United Nations (UN) peacekeeping operation in war-torn Sierra Leone. The heaviest production helicopter in the world, this majestic eight-bladed craft-one of four chartered by the UN from Russia-can carry a maximum of 44,090 lb (20,040 kg) of internal payload or up to 70 troops. The Mi-26's top speed is 183 mph (295 kph) and it has a range of 304 miles (400 km).  In this sequence, the Mi-26 is loaded with cargo to supply UN troops protecting an isolated community in the center of rebel-held territory. The world's largest food agency, the UN World Food Program (WFP), organized a massive air campaign targeting internally displaced persons that had congregated near a clinic for malnourished children. Once rebels from the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) had surrounded the area and blocked road access, the WFP was prevented from completing a bulk distribution. Instead, they loaded up their Mi-8 and flew to the Daru clinic where the most vulnerable women and children were located.  "All children under five who are malnourished are given a special feeding program in Daru. And the under-five are always the first ones you target for any kind of extreme malnourished cases, because they die very quickly," says Aya Shneerson, program officer for the WFP. "Daru is a kind of an island, a safe island, surrounded by areas that are unsafe," she says, "and for that reason, it always served as a sort of magnet for the very vulnerable people coming out."  Another big WFP operation, Food for Peace, gives food to child ex-combatants, in an effort to attract them to disarmament and demobilization camps.  The heavily laden craft flew out of the capital city, Freetown, situated on the west coast of Africa between Guinea on the north and Liberia on the south. The WFP supervises a variety of feeding programs in the displacement camps, feeding 5,000 in an operation that targeted Bunbuna, Kabala and Daru in 2000.  Throughout the world, helicopters have saved millions of human lives. There are 777 million people in developing countries, according to the WFP. In 2001 the WFP fed 77 million hungry people (10 percent of the hungry poor) in 82 countries.  Diamonds, which should have brought prosperity to Sierra Leone, instead resulted in one of the modern world's most brutal insurgencies, dating back to 1991 when rebels launched a war to overthrow the government. In the ensuing years, continuous battles between the various factions-rebels, the army and the government-displaced tens of thousands of innocent civilians, resulting in hunger and famine. In 1998 UN observers documented reports of ongoing atrocities and human rights abuses. In 1999 negotiations began between the government and the rebels, and an agreement was signed in Lome to end hostilities and form a government of national unity. By 2000, the UN's expanded role resulted in the deployment of 17,500 military peacekeeping personnel to various parts of the country. Free elections in May 2002 have given hope and a fresh started in Sierra Leone.  The AS 350 B2 and AS 350 B3 Used for Wildlife Relocation  In South Africa, helicopters are helping to save the black rhino from extinction. Protected in a few remote preserves, their numbers are rising. However, should the rhinos feel overcrowded, they will fight to the death. To protect the species, some must be relocated to safe habitats, but this is easier said than done.  A platform dangles from a helicopter overhead. Inside another helicopter, flying low over the South African veldt, a man with a rifle takes aim at a black rhinoceros, dodging through the bushes below. The pilot concentrates on flying 5 feet above and 10 to15 feet behind the rhino. Anticipating its every move, a wildlife veterinarian pulls the trigger of his gun loaded with a tranquilizer dart, scoring a direct hit that successfully penetrates the rhino's inch-thick skin.  "When I am darting animals like the black rhino, there is this immense trust between myself and Piet, the pilot," says wildlife veterinarian, Dr. Douw Grobler, who specializes in immunizations and translocations. "I know exactly what he's going to do and where he's going to place me. I don't have to think. I can just concentrate on the animals. I just know he's gong to put me there in the right spot at the right time. It's almost that he senses what the animal's going to do. In that way, he can change the animal's mind with his helicopter."  Grobler has measured a specific drug dosage, which can keep a rhino asleep for up to two hours. Once the rhino is darted, the ground crew lands as soon as possible to undertake a multitude of tasks. They monitor the beast's vital signs, take skin and blood samples to study its basic health and to detect any nutrients that are lacking. This ensures that the habitat is healthy for long-term propagation. They also conduct pregnancy testing. Each rhino's ear is notched so that it can be identified easily from the air and ground. The tip of the second horn is removed to provide material for genetic research, and a transmitter is fitted into the rhino's horn for tracking its whereabouts. Poachers present a constant danger to the rhinos' security. Should a poacher remove the horn for export, the transmitter would trigger an alarm.  When two males inhabit the same territory, one must be relocated before they battle to the death. Placing a sling in position, the crew rolls the rhino aboard the platform, making sure it is fully asleep. With a lifting capability of 3,500 lb (1,590 kg), the AStar B 3 can relocate the 2,250-lb (1022-kg) rhino to an area of the sanctuary that is accessible only by helicopter.  The extensive research on eleven black rhinos acquired during the four-day shoot was made possible only through SK Film's financial contribution. "My field of expertise lies in the capture and relocation of African wildlife. I am extremely grateful to Straight Up! for sponsoring this incredibly important research and relocation program at the game park. Without the film, this research would not have happened," says Grobler, who organized the capture, research and relocation project, with the film's production crew. "Every animal is just so valuable," he says, "and any information that can be collected on them is worth its weight in gold."  The prehistoric ancestor of today's rhinos existed more than 50 million years ago. Among today's five rhino species, the black rhino, which has two horns, has suffered the most spectacular rate of decline. From a population of 65,000 in 1970 it had been hunted almost to extinction, declining to a population of 2,300 by 1992-93. Current statistics indicate that the African black rhino population has risen to 3,500 as a result of the protection of nature reserves, developed by conservancy groups, agencies and governments to facilitate breeding and relocation programs.  This segment of Straight Up! was filmed in one such reserve in South Africa, where black rhinos had been reintroduced in 1986. The helicopter, an irreplaceable co
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